Assignment: Changes in Sites of Care
Week 1 discussion
Discussion: Changes in Sites of Care
Since the culture and practices of care settings are inherently different, changes in sites of care are often difficult for geriatric patients. Efforts should be made to limit changes to only those necessary; however, sometimes a patient’s situation might require multiple changes in sites of care. When selecting sites of care, such as home, assisted living, rehabilitation facilities, and hospitals, many factors must be considered by patients, their families, and their health care providers. Health status, ability to perform self-care, financial limitations, and patient preferences are all factors that might influence a patient’s site placement. As an advanced practice nurse who recommends sites of care and facilitates changes, you must evaluate factors and consider sites that limit the impact of these changes on geriatric patients.
Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapters 3 and 8 of the Resnick text.
Reflect on your personal experiences, observations, and/or clinical practices from the last 5 years. Select a case from the last 5 years that involves an elderly patient who has been in two different sites of care such as home, assisted living, hospital, etc.
Note: When referring to your patient, make sure to use a pseudonym or other false form of identification. This is to ensure the privacy and protection of the patient.
Reflect on issues that occurred because of the change in the patient’s sites of care. Think about the impact of differences in the settings themselves, inherent cultures of the settings, and ethical practices of these sites on the patient.
Consider whether the patient had an advanced directive in place at the time of the change in sites of care. Reflect on whether any difficult treatment decisions had to be made as a result.
Think about the impact of financial issues on site placement and treatment decisions.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days in one or more of the following ways:
Suggest community resources that may assist with related cases in the future.
Recommend appropriate alternative site placements for your colleagues’ patients based on your geographic location.
Provide insights on policy implications of your colleagues’ cases (i.e., Medicare, Medicaid, Veteran’s Affairs, etc.).
Week 2 discussion
Discussion: Assessment Tools
As geriatric patients age, their health and functional stability may decline resulting in the inability to perform basic activities of daily living. In your role as the advanced practice nurse, you must assess whether the needs of these aging patients are being met. Comprehensive geriatric assessments are used to determine whether these patients have developed or are at risk of developing age-related changes that interfere with their functional status. Since the health status and living situation of geriatric patients often differ, there are a variety of assessment tools that can be used to evaluate wellness and functional ability.
For this Discussion, consider which assessment tools would be appropriate for the patients in the following three case studies:
Case Study 1
Mr. Smith, age 77, reports for an annual physical examination. He says he is doing well. His only known problem is osteoarthritis. He also requests a flu shot. He takes no medications other than Tylenol for arthritis pain. When he walks into the exam room, you notice that he is using a straight cane in his right hand. When you ask about the cane, he says he began using the cane because the pain in his right hip had increased significantly over the past 6 months.
Case Study 2
Mr. Jones, a 68-year-old man, was referred to your office for a hearing evaluation. He continues to work in a printing company, although he works only part-time. He has worked at the printing company for the past 35 years. He complains that he cannot hear much of the dialogue on the television. He is accompanied by his wife, who states that her husband cannot hear her at home. He has no history of dizziness, tinnitus, or vertigo. He has had cerumen impactions removed from both ears in the past. Overall, his medical history is quite benign. His only medications are aspirin 81 mg daily, a multivitamin daily, and occasional ibuprofen for back pain
Case Study 3
Mrs. Roberts, an 83-year-old widow, is brought to the office by her daughter. The daughter claims that her mother seems to be depressed. There is a history of depression approximately five years ago, shortly after Mrs. Roberts’ husband died. At that time, she was successfully treated with antidepressants. Currently, the daughter states that her mother’s memory for appointments and events has declined severely, and she can no longer drive because she does not remember the route to the store or other familiar places. The daughter also noted that her mother’s house seemed very disorganized and dirty, there was a limited amount of food in the kitchen, and the checkbook had not been balanced for several months. Mrs. Roberts appears slightly disheveled, she has a flat affect, and she does not maintain eye contact during your interview.
Review the Rosen and Reuben article in this week’s Learning Resources. Consider how assessment tools are used to evaluate patients.
Select one of the three case studies. Based on the provided information, think about a possible patient evaluation plan. As part of your evaluation planning, consider where the evaluation would take place, whether any other professionals or family members should be present, appropriate assessment tools and guidelines, and any other relevant information you may wish to address.
Consider whether the assessment tool you identified was validated for use with this specific patient population and if this poses issues. Think about additional factors that might present issues when performing assessments, such as language, education, prosthetics, missing limbs, etc.
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