Assignment: Epidemiologic Data
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an infection that affects all populations, irrespective of gender, ethnicity, race and social status. The virus was first discovered in the year 1981 and since then, many trials and researches have been conducted to find its cure. It has been noted that HIV has disproportionately affected women as well as adolescent girls. This is attributed the unequal social, cultural, and economic status of the female gender in society. In the United States, for every four people infected with HIV, one is a woman. All women regardless of age, ethnicity, and race can get infected with HIV; however, some women have a higher risk compared to others (Karbinski, Rosenberg, & Paz-Bailey, 2015). This paper identifies women infected with HIV as one of the marginalized groups in the society. It gives an overview and extensively describes the available demographic and epidemiologic data (incidence and prevalence), the economic aspects, social justice, and how it relates to the healthcare and health disparities of the group, associated ethical issues, and a realistic plan on how to address the marginalized group.
The prevalence of HIV has been recorded as the highest specifically among the groups or members of the society who are most marginalized. It is evident that HIV disproportionately affects the individuals who have the least access or those that lack healthcare services and those who face the most discrimination (Paudel & Baral, 2015). The marginalized groups that have higher risk of acquiring HIV infection include, users of injection as well as the non-injection drugs, the mentally ill, sexual minorities, prisoners, racial minorities, illegal immigrants, refugees, the poor, commercial sex workers, homeless, and also those who lack insurance (Bertrand, Chan, Howe, Comella, Marak, & Bandy, 2016). The women who live with HIV have also suffered significant discrimination and vulnerabilities, hence form part of the marginalized groups.
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