Assignment: Fluid/Electrolyte Disturbances
Module 02 Written Assignment – Fluid/electrolyte disturbances and ABG interpretation Complete the Fluid disturbance table and answer the following ABGs (Arterial Blood Gases). Submit your completed assignment by following the directions linked below. Please check the Course Calendar for specific due dates. Comparison of Fluid Deficit and Fluid Overload a Fluid Deficit Fluid Overload Definition Causes/Risk Factors Clinical Manifestations (including laboratory data) Collaborative Management (Interventions) Interpret the following Arterial Blood Gases 1. pH 7.33 PaCO2 60 HCO3 34 A. Normal ABG values B. Respiratory acidosis without compensation C. Respiratory acidosis with partial compensation D. Respiratory acidosis with full compensation 2. pH 7.48 PaCO2 42 HCO3 30 A. Metabolic acidosis without compensation B. Respiratory alkalosis with partial compensation C. Respiratory alkalosis with full compensation D. Metabolic alkalosis without compensation 3. pH 7.38 PaCO2 38 HCO3 24 A. Respiratory alkalosis B. Normal C. Metabolic Alkalosis D. None of the above 4. pH 7.21 PaCO2 60 HCO3 24 A. Normal B. Respiratory acidosis without compensation C. Metabolic acidosis with partial compensation D. Respiratory acidosis with complete compensation 5. pH 7.48 PaCO2 28 HCO3 20 A. Respiratory alkalosis with partial compensation B. Respiratory alkalosis with complete compensation C. Metabolic alkalosis without compensation D. Metabolic alkalosis with complete compensationElectrolyte disorders are most often caused by a loss of bodily fluids through prolonged vomiting, diarrhea, or sweating. They may also develop due to fluid loss related to burns. Certain medications can cause electrolyte disorders as well.Diabetic ketoacidosis is an acute metabolic complication of diabetes characterized by hyperglycemia, hyperketonemia, and metabolic acidosis. Hyperglycemia causes an osmotic diuresis with significant fluid and electrolyte loss.Electrolytes are minerals with an electric charge, such as magnesium and potassium. They play important roles in your body, including regulating water balance ( 12 ). When electrolyte levels become too low or too high, they can cause shifts influid balance. This may lead to increased water weight ( 12 ).Low intake of magnesium is associated with increased risk of diabetes; low serum magnesium levels disrupt glucose uptake and contribute to microvascular complications and end-organ damage. Overall, diabetic patients are at increased risk of acid-base disorders and electrolyte disturbances.
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