Probability and nonprobability are the two general categories of sampling. Probability sampling uses random selection, whereas nonprobability sampling does not. For example, if you wanted to study the effects of divorce on the psychological development of adolescents, you could gather a population of a certain number of adolescents whose parents were divorced. Then, out of that population, you could randomly select 25 of those people. If you wanted to use nonprobability sampling, you would choose specific people who had met predetermined criteria. For this Discussion, consider how samples would be chosen for both probability and nonprobability sampling structures.
Post your explanation of the following:
Running Head: LITERATURE REVIEW ON ABSTINENCE EDUCATION
LITERATURE REVIEW ON ABSTINENCE EDUCATION
Literature review on abstinence education
Literature review in abstinence education
My research question is ways on how teenagers can be able to abstain through sex education in school. In the development of these research questions, I think what should come first is to look at the impact of early pregnancy among teenagers in school. To determine the role of sex education has played in minimizing this issue of early pregnancy and to identify various ways in which teenagers can be taught to be able to abstain through parental guidance. The process which I think is more realistic is the use of a comprehensive approach that is through sex education unit in school. This is important because children will be taught different ways to abstain. Also, the teachers will be able to employ some professionals who will be able to talk to the children about the importance of abstinence such as avoidance of early pregnancy. (Alhassan, 2020) Abstinence also can improve the children academic performance because it will be easier for the children to concentrate on their studies, abstinence also will guarantee better health to the teenagers because they will probably have fewer physical and emotional concerns, and finally, it will help the teenagers on certainty, this is in the situation where the teenagers date while they are in school, teaching them about the importance of abstinence, their relationships may last without sex, and through this, they would have a good chance for their relationship to be strong and last longer.
The potential consequences of deciding on the research question without conducting a literature review are; one will be not able to give an up-to-date thoughtful of the subject. Giving up-to-date perceptive of the subject allows your readers to be informed well. Also, another consequence that one will face without conducting a literature review, he/she will not be able to structure his/her literature review, this is because, a literature review is important and structure, guide the development of the research questions and present the kind of research methodologies that were used in the predecessor studies.
Alhassan, N., & Dodoo, F. N. A. (2020). Predictors of primary and secondary sexual abstinence among never-married youth in urban poor Accra, Ghana. Reproductive health, 17(1), 1-13.
Snyder, H. (2019). Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines. Journal of Business Research, 104, 333-339.
Introduction to Research Proposals
We propose a research project based on the case study "Social Work Studies: Couple Counseling" in this article.
Experts who invest substantial time in preconception and marriage counseling as a means of improving family life training continue to be enthusiastic about the marital connection. The person enters a relationship with the hope that the involved parties will maintain close touch with one another, fueled by a need to feel safe inside these bonds. In any event, there are disagreements in employments, which leads to marital dissatisfaction and, as a result, the need for the marital counselor to manage and restore relational unions.
Marital dissatisfaction has severe repercussions for individuals of all colors, ages, and socioeconomic backgrounds. For instance, divorce has negative consequences not just for the children, and for the guardians, and these consequences may last a long period. Talented specialists conduct restorative projects that target problems such as child raising, compelling communication, marriage happiness, and to express accouple to improve family life instruction. Similarly, certain religious organizations and places of worship will not be deserted, and have mostly invested in initiatives aimed at improving family functioning.
Statement of the Issue
Deny the reality that the lack of appealing contact between spouses is the primary factor, most marriages do not fail for a comparable reason. Interestingly, while dealing with problems of marital dissatisfaction caused by factors such as betrayal, business, child rearing, unique wants, and so forth, social work authorities favor mediation over aversion efforts. In recent years, groundbreaking academic research has aggressively explored the link between marital happiness and successful relationship skills. According to one well-known adviser, resentful marriages are more often determined by unfulfilled yearnings of both parties, which incompletely or not reflect a real gap of strong communication.
Furthermore, problematic couples may wish to communicate in a bad way, which may encourage unfavorable goals from either side, necessitating the need for this investigation to look into how communications are a fundamental role in building a strong partnership. It is my hope that the findings of this investigation will improve accountability in existing beneficial initiatives, overcome any obstacles, and challenge current assumptions about interchanges as a method for promoting relational unions. The related study also predicts that this would contribute to the current social and political focus in marriage planning and marital directing services. Finally, the findings of this investigation will serve as a guide for academics in developing theological reflections on marital unions and assembling the finest pieces of information that apply to a variety of marriage problems.
Questions to Ponder
The primary goal of couple therapy is to improve the happiness and stability of both partners in a relationship. Development of communication skills by either spouse in a marriage is likely to promote fellowship and, as a result, strengthen intimacy between partners since it leads to collective decision and major issue. The following are the study questions for this document: (1) Is couple psychotherapy likely to improve relationship communication?
(2) Is couple therapy helpful in improving the couple's happiness and stability?
(3) “Are couples therapy related to higher marital satisfaction and a lower risk of divorce during periods of marital discord?”
Design of the Study
The marital satisfaction scale was divided into two groups in order to examine the relationship in between premium variables. Twenty individuals were assigned to the overall satisfaction range, whereas four were assigned to the poor contentment range. Chi-square analysis was secondhand to examine the connection amongst pairs therapy and the degree of ebb as well as flow life adjustment for the primary study issue. For the second study question, the contributors were alienated into two collections: those who conventional pair therapy and persons who would not get couple's therapy. The Chi-square test was used to look at the link between individuals directing and cohabitating couples. For the third study question, the members were alienated into two clusters: those who conventional bridal psychotherapy and those who partook in couple’s rehabilitation. The Chi-square test was rummage-sale to look at the link among prenuptial therapy and the likelihood of subsequent couple’s therapy.
Review of the Literature
A happy marriage is extremely appreciated by the mainstream of American English, and additional than 80 percent of adults will marry at some opinion throughout their lives. Relationships that are fruitful reflect a couple's ability to view blemished individuals in faultless ways. Imply accomplices often involve in a range of perceptive procedures that enable them to view respectively other their connection in a positive light and to encourage their responsibilities to one another. There has been much study on what causes relational companies work; researchers have shown that no single factor determines the quality or longevity of a partnership.
Negative behavior occurs in all employments, so according to Phillips (2009), but after it comes among fortunately matrimonial couples, they will often defend it as existence unusual or due to the stress and nervousness of the condition. According to similar study, reiterating frequent good cooperation and routine connection in joint activities leads to an increase in marital conflict and satisfaction.
Twosomes that are happy in their wedding are often interested in activities such as caressing, caressing, and chatting on with their diurnal to their spouse.
When gloomy, planned, and critical, these types of transportations provoke thoughts of intimacy and joining that foster mutual respect; when dreary, calculated, and critical, they clash with a traditional and solid meaning of attachment. According to Carroll and William, matrimony in the Western World is risky so a large body of research shows that marriage underpins passionate but instead physical health, whereas unbalanced conceptual unions that end in divorce can jeopardize prosperity and result in a large social and financial burden.
Couples who are in control of their inconsistencies will be able to overcome them in ways that promote critical reasoning while without jeopardizing their relationship. However, data from the application couples' conversation may be hazardous; rather of using critical thinking methods, it causes increased stresses and increases the couple's suffering. Adjusted ebbtide couples, on the other hand, put aside a longer time to avoid a disagreement and are more resistant to getting a resolution of their problem, resulting in the recurrence of the conflict and the extent of their unique argument.
Separation is aided by disagreement content and organizational culture, according to one study. Separation is more likely when there is a link between dispute issues and communication procedures. It is especially true when spouses disagree over finances. Because life partners are ill-equipped to deal with the many insinuations of currency or have contradictory boxes for expenditure or saving their money, incongruities are likely to ascend. Together divorced women claim that their monetary disagreements are more difficult to resolve, continue extended, and are additional important to them than other kinds of disagreements. Even when looking for various explanations for disagreements, there is evidence to suggest that a financial dispute between partners is associated with a decrease in marital happiness.
The benefit of having pair set their areas is that they may get experience with potential areas of uncertainty, beliefs, and conflict resolution methods. It often solidifies a more in-depth knowledge of one's identity and exposes flaws that may have been overlooked or deliberately overlooked during the courting period. According to Vail (2012), premarital therapy that focuses on realistic, attainable goals and incorporates essential, hint collaboration throughout the early stages of marriage may be more crucial and beneficial later. Premarital development programs, according to Yilmaz as well as Kalan (2010), fundamentally improve relationship satisfaction. When likened to couples who prepared not contribute to premarital therapy, their findings revealed that couples who participated in premarital counseling had greater levels of overall happiness. The pairs that took share in prenuptial directing were able to identify glitches that had been seeded in their relationship and devise strategies to address them.
The importance of couples therapy has been highlighted in previous studies. Furthermore, previous study has identified several tasks and skill sets that are helpful to twosomes. However, the precise ranges associated with getting eligible for children and logical analysis during conflict in relation to happiness have not been well studied. The purpose of this study was to see how couples therapy affected marital satisfaction. 25 people who are now or previously married made a request to address their premarital guidance, couples counseling, and happiness with marriage via a mystery online survey. The connection between variables was determined using a chi-square analysis. Nonetheless, the results were unremarkable due to numerous constraints. This study looked at how premarital psychotherapy and couples coaching influenced relationship adjustment. Given the fact that only the scientific did not discovery any noteworthy consequences, here was a tendency of antenuptial therapy investment and marriage gratification. According to the findings, further study is needed to determine the connection between couples counselling, couples counselling, and marriage happiness.
Dew, J. (2011). The association between consumer debt and the likelihood of divorce.
Journal of Family and Economic Issues
Erin E. Phillips, R. J. (2009). Connecting Behaviors and Newlyweds’ Sense of Shared-
Meaning and Relationship Satisfaction.
Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy
Jason S. Carroll, a. W. (2003). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Premarital Prevention
Programs: A Meta-Analytic Review of Outcome Research.
Jeffrey Dew, S. B. (2012). Examining the Relationship Between Financial.
Ted G. Fortis, A. W. (2011). The impact of prepare on engaged couples: Variations by deliver format.
Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy
Tuba Yilmaz, M. K. (2010). The effects of a premarital relationship enrichment Program on Relationship Satisfaction. ERIC
Vail, S. H. (2012). Reducing the divorce rate among Christians in America: Making
premarital counseling a prerequisite for marriage.
Liberty University Baptist
Vangelisti, A. (2015). Communication in personal relationships.
APA Handbook of
Personality and Social Psychology
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